Why TENS Unit For Hip Pain May Not Be Your Best Treatment Option

While transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) units are commonly used for pain management, they may not be the most effective treatment option for hip pain. When it comes to hip pain, the underlying causes are often complex and diverse, including issues with the joint, muscles, tendons, or nerves. 

Hip pain may require a more comprehensive approach that addresses muscle imbalances, joint instability, or structural abnormalities, which TENS units alone cannot address. For more effective and targeted relief from hip pain, Neuragenex has the solution. 

But first, let’s get into why TENS units are not nearly as effective at relieving hip pain as some might hope.

What Is A TENS Unit And How Does It Work?

A TENS unit is a small electronic device used for pain management. It consists of a battery-powered control unit connected to electrodes that are placed on the skin near the site of pain. TENS units are commonly used to alleviate various types of acute and chronic pain, including muscle and joint pain.

The principle behind TENS therapy is to deliver low-voltage electrical currents to the body, specifically targeting the nerves responsible for transmitting pain signals. The unit produces gentle electrical impulses that are transmitted through the electrodes to the underlying tissues. These impulses can stimulate the nerves in the area, providing a tingling or buzzing sensation.

The electrical currents emitted by a TENS unit have adjustable parameters such as frequency, intensity, and duration. These settings can be modified based on the individual’s needs and comfort level. The low voltage used in TENS units is typically in the range of 5-100 milliamperes (mA), which is significantly lower than the voltages used in other medical applications.

When the electrical impulses are delivered to the skin, they can potentially interfere with the transmission of pain signals to the brain. The stimulation from the TENS unit is thought to activate the body’s natural pain-relieving mechanisms, such as the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers. 

By disrupting or overriding pain signals, TENS therapy aims to provide quick and temporary pain relief as well as promote a sense of well-being.

Why TENS May Not Be Effective Enough For Hip Pain

While TENS units are commonly used for pain management, they may not be the most effective treatment option for hip pain. Hip pain often involves complex underlying causes that require a more comprehensive approach. TENS units primarily target surface-level pain and may not reach deep enough to address the root cause of hip pain. 

Additionally, hip pain may require a multifaceted treatment plan that addresses muscle imbalances, joint instability, or structural abnormalities. TENS units, which deliver low-voltage electrical currents, may not provide the targeted relief needed for hip pain.

Let’s get into more detail on TENS lack of efficacy below:

Works Only By Delivering Small Electrical Shocks To The Skin

TENS units may not effectively penetrate deep enough to reach the source of hip pain due to their low voltage. The electrical impulses generated by TENS units are typically of low intensity, typically in the run at 400 pulses per second. While these currents can provide surface-level stimulation and potentially block pain signals transmitted by superficial nerves, they may not effectively reach the deeper tissues or structures within the hip joint that could be contributing to the pain. Hip pain often originates from deeper structures such as the joint capsule, ligaments, tendons, or deep muscles. These areas may require more targeted and higher-intensity electrical stimulation than what a TENS unit can provide.

May Have Limited Effectiveness For Certain Types Of Hip Pain

TENS units may not be as effective for chronic or degenerative pain conditions. While these devices can provide temporary pain relief for acute or short-term pain, their efficacy in managing chronic or degenerative pain may be limited. Additionally, chronic pain conditions often require a multidisciplinary approach that combines various treatment modalities, such as physical therapy and lifestyle modifications. TENS units alone may not address the multifaceted nature of chronic pain or provide the comprehensive management needed for sustained relief.

May Cause Side Effects 

TENS unit treatments, while generally considered safe, can sometimes be associated with certain side effects. Here are some common side effects that may occur during or after TENS unit sessions:

Skin Irritation

Prolonged or repeated use of TENS electrodes can sometimes cause skin irritation or redness at the site of application. This can be due to the adhesive properties of the electrodes or the electrical stimulation itself. Proper electrode placement, ensuring clean and dry skin, and using hypoallergenic electrodes can help minimize the risk of skin irritation.

Muscle Twitching 

TENS therapy involves stimulating nerves and muscles with electrical impulses. In some cases, muscle twitching or involuntary muscle contractions may occur during the treatment. This is typically temporary and subsides once the TENS unit is turned off. Adjusting the intensity or frequency settings on the device may help reduce muscle twitching if it becomes bothersome.

Tingling Sensation

The electrical stimulation produced by TENS units often creates a tingling or buzzing sensation at the site of application. While this sensation is generally well-tolerated, it can sometimes be uncomfortable for some individuals. Modifying the intensity or frequency of the TENS unit can help adjust the tingling sensation to a more comfortable level.

TENS Units May Cause More Harm Than Good  

While TENS units are generally safe for most individuals, there are certain groups of people who should not use them or exercise caution when doing so due to potential risks to their health. Here are some examples:

People With Implanted Medical Devices

Individuals with implanted medical devices, such as pacemakers, defibrillators, or neurostimulators, should avoid using TENS units without consulting their healthcare provider. The electrical impulses from TENS units can potentially interfere with the functioning of these devices, leading to malfunction or inadequate therapy.

Pregnant Women

The safety of TENS therapy during pregnancy is not well-established, and its effects on the developing fetus are not fully understood. Therefore, it is generally advised that pregnant women avoid using TENS units, especially in the abdominal or pelvic regions, unless specifically recommended by their healthcare provider.

Individuals with Epilepsy or Seizure Disorders

TENS therapy involves electrical stimulation, which can potentially trigger seizures in individuals with epilepsy or seizure disorders. Therefore, it is essential for individuals with such conditions to avoid using TENS units without the guidance and approval of their healthcare provider.

People with Sensory Impairments or Skin Sensitivities

Individuals with reduced or altered sensation in the areas where TENS electrodes are applied may not be able to properly perceive the intensity of the electrical stimulation. This can lead to inadvertent overstimulation or skin damage. Similarly, individuals with skin sensitivities or open wounds should exercise caution when using TENS units to avoid skin irritation or worsening of their condition.

Individuals With Undiagnosed Pain

TENS units should not be used as a substitute for medical evaluation and diagnosis. If the cause of pain is unknown or not properly diagnosed, using TENS units without understanding the underlying condition can potentially mask symptoms or delay appropriate medical intervention.

It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before using a TENS unit, especially if you fall into one of the high-risk categories mentioned above. However, it is a good rule of thumb to presume that TENS units could be doing more harm than good, which is discussed in more detail here.

Alternative Treatments That May Be More Effective

While TENS units have their limitations for treating hip pain, there are alternative treatment methods that have shown effectiveness in managing hip pain. These methods offer a more comprehensive approach to address the underlying causes of hip pain. Some treatment options that may be considered include:

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is often recommended for hip pain as it focuses on strengthening the muscles around the hip joint, improving flexibility, and correcting imbalances. A physical therapist can design a personalized exercise program that targets specific areas contributing to hip pain, helping to alleviate symptoms and improve overall hip function.


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesics can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with hip pain. These medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription, depending on the severity of the pain and individual needs. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate medication recommendations and to ensure proper usage.


Corticosteroid injections or hyaluronic acid injections may be considered for individuals with hip pain that do not respond to conservative treatments. These injections can provide temporary pain relief and reduce inflammation in the hip joint. However, it is important to note that their effects are typically temporary, and repeated injections may have diminishing returns.

Assistive Devices

The use of assistive devices such as canes, crutches, or walkers can help offload the weight from the hip joint, reduce pain, and provide support during activities. These devices can help improve mobility and reduce the strain on the hip joint, particularly in cases of hip osteoarthritis or post-surgical rehabilitation.

Surgical Intervention

In cases where conservative treatments fail to provide adequate relief, surgical intervention may be considered. Surgical options range from minimally invasive procedures, such as arthroscopy, to more extensive procedures like joint replacement surgery. The type of surgery will depend on the underlying cause and severity of the hip pain.

These treatments for hip pain are slightly more effective and may even be safer but they cannot offer the same solutions provided by Neuragenex.

How Neuragenex Deals With Hip Pain

Neuragenex uses the Neurofunctional Pain Management approach to manage hip pain. This is a whole-person treatment that focuses on providing maximum relief from hip pain; starting with electroanalgesia and moving to IV therapy and lifestyle counseling.


Neuragenex offers the most effective form of electrical stimulation and pain relief through electroanalgesia. Not only is it safe and effective at treating hip pain, its efficacy outweighs that of a TENS unit. Its efficacy, when compared to a TENS unit, is directly related to its high-pulse stimulation which is 10,000 pulses per second compared to a TENS unit’s 400 pulses per second. Electroanalgesia, with its high-pulse electrical stimulation, creates a depolarization effect on the pain neurons, while also stimulating tissue regeneration that repairs damaged nerves and damaged microvascular tissues in the hip.

IV Therapy

Neuragenex also offers a specialized nutritional hydration therapy of vitamins, minerals, and other nutritional necessities that assist the body’s immune system and its ability to relieve hip pain. This specialized nutritional hydration therapy works in conjunction with electroanalgesia’s ability to effectively relieve the pain with lasting results.

Lifestyle Counseling

Patients who seek the most effective form of relief from hip pain will undoubtedly find it with our treatment program and attain the ability to maintain their pain in the interim by participating in our educational and lifestyle counseling. These programs ensure patients will have the ability and confidence to do all they can to mitigate the often debilitating endometriosis pain.

Get Yourself An Effective Hip Pain Treatment

When experiencing hip pain, it is crucial to consult with a medical professional to seek effective relief and ensure proper management of your condition. Here are the reasons why consulting with a medical professional is essential:

Accurate Diagnosis 

A medical professional, such as an orthopedic specialist or a primary care physician, can conduct a thorough evaluation to accurately diagnose the underlying cause of your hip pain. Hip pain can stem from various conditions, including osteoarthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, hip labral tears, or referred pain from other areas. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis is crucial for developing an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific condition.

Personalized Treatment Plan

Healthcare professionals can provide a personalized treatment plan based on your diagnosis, medical history, and individual needs. They can consider various factors, such as the severity of your hip pain, functional limitations, and any underlying health conditions that may impact your treatment options. A personalized approach ensures that you receive the most effective and appropriate interventions for your specific situation.

Access to Specialized Care

Medical professionals have access to a range of resources and specialists who can contribute to the management of your hip pain. They can refer you to physical therapists, pain specialists, or orthopedic surgeons if necessary, ensuring that you receive comprehensive care and access to specialized treatments.

Monitoring Progress and Adjustments

Consulting with a medical professional allows for ongoing monitoring of your condition and the effectiveness of your treatment plan. They can assess your progress, modify your treatment approach if needed, and provide guidance on lifestyle modifications, exercises, or pain management techniques to optimize your recovery.

Safety and Risk Assessment

Healthcare professionals are trained to assess potential risks and complications associated with different treatment options. They can evaluate your medical history, medication use, and other factors to ensure that the chosen interventions are safe and suitable for you. This is particularly important if you have pre-existing medical conditions or take certain medications that may interact with specific treatments.

Seeking guidance from a medical professional is crucial to ensure that you receive the most effective and appropriate care for your hip pain. They have the expertise and knowledge to guide you through the diagnosis process, recommend evidence-based treatments, and monitor your progress to help you achieve optimal pain relief and improved hip function.

At Neuragenex, we understand that hip pain can be life-limiting and preclude many from living the full-fledged life they had imagined. At the same time, we know and have confidence that pain relief will come through electroanalgesia, IV therapy, and educational programs. At Neuragenex, our mission is to relieve pain, restore health, and magnify the quality of life while operating as a non-pharmaceutical, non-surgical, non-invasive, and non-chiropractic pain treatment provider. Our vision is to be the first thought, first choice, and first step in the journey of chronic pain relief.

Understanding Why Muscle Spasm In Tricep Occurs

Muscle spasms (also known as muscle cramps, charley horses, or “the knot”) are involuntary contractions of the muscles in your body. They can range from minor twitches to painful and even disabling episodes. One place that can be particularly prone to muscle spasms is the tricep, located on the back of your upper arm. Fortunately, there are ways that you can treat muscle spasms in the triceps. 

However, to achieve effective relief, you need to understand why they occur in the first place. After all, the only way to achieve long-term relief is to treat the underlying cause and not just the symptoms.

Anatomy Of The Triceps

The triceps muscle group is a collection of three muscles near the elbow joint. The muscles are collectively known as the triceps brachii, including the long, medial, and lateral heads. The nerves that innervate the triceps are the radial, axillary, and musculocutaneous nerves. The blood supply to the triceps comes from the radial and ulnar arteries.

The triceps’ primary function is to extend or straighten your arm at the elbow joint. It also helps stabilize the shoulder joint when you move your arm. As such, issues with your triceps can cause pain and discomfort when doing activities that require moving your arm and can limit your range of motion.

Types Of Muscle Spasms 

Muscle spasms can occur throughout your body, but certain activities and conditions can make them more likely to occur in the triceps. This is because the triceps are responsible for many activities like pushing, pulling, and holding. It’s also important to note that there are various muscle spasms. The following are the three types of muscle spasms you should know about:

Clonic Spasm

Clonic spasms are the most common type of muscle spasm. They involve a sudden, sharp contraction of the affected muscle and a quick relaxation phase. Clonic spasms can be painful and may cause you to move the affected limb involuntarily.

Tonic Spasm

Tonic spasms are less common but can be more severe than clonic spasms. They involve a sustained contraction of the affected muscle, which can cause a visible deformity in the affected area. These spasms are usually excruciating and can be disabling.

Dystonic Spasm

Dystonic spasms are the least common type of muscle spasm. They involve a sustained contraction of multiple muscles in different parts of the body. These spasms usually cause twisting or contorting of the affected limb and can be associated with other symptoms, such as abnormal posture. They can also be painful.

Common Causes Of Muscle Spasm In Triceps

Many different things can cause muscle spasms in general. However, the following are some of the most common causes of muscle spasms, specifically in the triceps:

  • Overuse Or Repetitive Muscle Use: Repetitive or overuse of a particular muscle can cause it to become fatigued, which can lead to spasms. Since the triceps are often used for pushing, pulling, and holding activities, they can become overworked if not given proper rest – especially if you do many activities involving the arm or shoulder, such as playing tennis, golf, or lifting weights.
  • Poor Posture: Poor posture can strain the neck, shoulders, and arm muscles. When these muscles become strained, it can lead to muscle spasms in the triceps due to the increased tension in the area.
  • Dehydration: The body requires water to carry out normal functions. Dehydration occurs when the body isn’t receiving enough water. This can happen as a result of not drinking enough water or because of sweating too much. When this happens, it can affect the muscles in the body and cause spasms, including in the triceps.
  • Electrolyte Imbalance: Electrolytes are minerals found in the body, such as sodium and potassium. When they become unbalanced due to certain medical conditions or medications, it can lead to muscle spasms, including in the triceps. It’s also worth noting that electrolyte imbalances can occur as a result of dehydration.
  • Stress: Stress can lead to muscle tension, increasing the likelihood of muscle spasms in the triceps.
  • Lack of Strength: If you’re out of shape and using your triceps muscle too much, it can cause spasms because the muscle is overworked. As such, it’s crucial to build the strength of your triceps to ensure that they can cope with the demands placed on them.

Symptoms Of Muscle Spasm Tricep

Muscle spasms may seem self-explanatory for those who’ve had them. However, a muscle spasm can consist of several different symptoms. With that in mind, the following are the common symptoms associated with triceps muscle spasms. These include:

  • Sudden, Intense Pain in the Affected Area
  • A Cramping Sensation
  • Involuntary Muscle Contractions
  • Reduced Range Of Motion
  • Swelling or Tenderness

When To Seek Medical Attention

Although muscle spasms generally go away on their own with rest, certain instances should prompt you to consult a physician. These include:

  • Severe or persistent pain that doesn’t improve with home treatments
  • Loss of sensation or weakness in the affected area
  • Signs of infection, such as redness, warmth, or swelling 
  • Difficulty moving the arm or an inability to move the arm at all
  • Inflammation or swelling in the affected area

If you’re experiencing more severe symptoms, you’ll want to rule out any underlying conditions that could be causing the muscle spasm.

Diagnosing Tricep Muscle Spasms

If you’re regularly experiencing muscle spasms in your triceps, then you’ll want to have the issue properly diagnosed. A thorough diagnosis will help rule out potentially serious underlying conditions, such as ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), MS (Multiple Sclerosis), kidney disease, serotonin syndrome, and other neurological disorders.

To diagnose muscle spasms in the triceps, a doctor will request information about your medical history, do a physical exam, and order diagnostic tests, such as:

  • Imaging Studies: X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans can help your doctor determine if any underlying issues could be causing the muscle spasms, such as a herniated disc or spinal cord tumor.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can help identify any underlying infections or vitamin deficiencies that could be causing muscle spasms.
  • Nerve Conduction Studies: These tests measure the electrical activity of your nerves and can help diagnose neurological disorders, such as ALS.

Treatment Options

There are several ways to treat the muscle spasms you’re experiencing in your triceps, depending on how severe they are. The following are some of the conventional and non-conventional methods of treatment for muscle spasms:

At-Home Remedies

At-home remedies tend to be more suitable for mild to moderate muscle spasms. They typically include the following:

  • Rest and Immobilization: In some cases, muscle spasms are simply the result of your muscles being overworked. In this case, the best way to treat the spasms is to rest your muscles and refrain from using them for a few days.
  • Ice and Heat Therapy: Applying a cold pack or hot compress to the affected area can reduce inflammation and soothe the spasms. When your muscles become loose or relaxed, they’re less likely to spasm.
  • Massage: Massage therapy can help relax tense muscles. A massage could be beneficial if you’re experiencing spasms due to poor posture, overworking your muscles, or stress.
  • Painkillers: Many conventional doctors will prescribe painkillers to patients experiencing painful spasms. However, taking prescription pain medications can be risky since many of them come with side effects and can be habit-forming. It’s worth noting that even over-the-counter painkillers may come with some side effects.
  • Stretching and Strengthening Exercises: Stretching and strengthening exercises can help improve your posture and reduce muscle tension, thereby preventing spasms.

Medications And Injections

In addition to painkillers, a doctor might recommend certain injections to help deal with more severe muscle spasms. Just keep in mind that some of these injections may cause side effects, such as allergic reactions. These injections could include:

  • Corticosteroid Injections: Corticosteroid injections can reduce inflammation and decrease pain. They’re usually prescribed for more severe cases of muscle spasms.
  • Botox: Botox injections are sometimes used to help relax the tricep muscles, particularly if a person is experiencing chronic spasms.
  • Hyaluronic Acid Injections: Hyaluronic acid injections can help improve the elasticity of the muscles, which can reduce the occurrence of spasms.
  • Nerve Blocks: Nerve blocks are injections that can help block pain signals from traveling to your brain. This can help reduce the intensity of the spasms and provide temporary relief from pain.
  • Muscle Relaxants: Muscle relaxant injections can help relieve severe spasms by helping to relax the muscles. These injections usually must be administered by a doctor.

Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy

Physical therapy and rehabilitation can help reduce the frequency and intensity of muscle spasms caused by poor posture or physical trauma. A physical therapist can help you identify and correct any underlying physical issues causing your spasms. Rehabilitation usually consists of stretching, strengthening, and cardiovascular exercises. These exercises can help improve your posture and strengthen the muscles, thereby reducing spasms.

Electrical Stimulation Therapy

Electrical stimulation therapy, such as TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) or electroanalgesia, is a non-invasive treatment involving electrical impulses to trigger the muscles to relax by stimulating the nerve endings. Doing so helps block pain signals from traveling to the brain as well as stimulate the release of endorphins. As a result, this therapy can help reduce the intensity and frequency of spasms and relieve muscle pain.


In rare cases, a doctor might recommend surgery if a structural issue in the spine causes the spasms. Depending on the cause of your spasms, the doctor might recommend a spinal disc fusion or nerve decompression surgery.

However, surgery should be considered a last resort after all other failed treatments. After all, surgery is highly invasive and can result in various complications, such as infections, allergic reactions, and nerve damage. Not to mention, it’s the most expensive option and can result in a long recovery time.

Preventing Muscle Spasm In Tricep

When treating muscle spasms, it’s important that you not only address the symptoms but also work on preventing them from happening again. Here are a few tips that can help prevent muscle spasms in the triceps:

  • Postural Awareness: Pay attention to your posture when sitting, standing, or lying down. Poor posture may put unnecessary strain on the muscles of the triceps and cause spasms. As such, simply improving your posture can help reduce the occurrence of spasms.
  • Proper Warm-Up And Cool Down: Before and after workouts, it’s essential to warm up and cool down properly. This can include stretching and light cardio activities. Doing so helps prepare the muscles for strenuous activities and reduces strain afterwards. 
  • Hydration: Ensure you drink enough fluids, as dehydration can increase the risk of developing muscle spasms. 
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet: A diet rich in vitamins and minerals can go a long way toward preventing muscle spasms. Eating foods high in calcium, magnesium, and potassium can help keep your muscles healthy and functioning properly. The following are a few examples of foods that are high in these essential minerals:
  • Bananas
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Nuts and Seeds
  • Leafy Green Vegetables
  • Lean Protein

Effects Of Delaying Treatment

Delaying treatment for muscle spasms can have serious, long-term effects on your body. If left untreated, spasms may become more frequent and intense, leading to a decrease in muscle strength and mobility. Long-term tightness can also lead to nerve damage, which can cause numbness, tingling, or pain in the affected area. In extreme cases, muscle atrophy may occur due to lack of use and blood flow.

Additionally, delaying treatment can lead to increased pain, discomfort, and reduced quality of life. This can make it difficult to perform everyday activities such as walking, sitting, or standing. In order to avoid these risks and maintain a healthy lifestyle, it’s vital to seek medical attention as soon as you start experiencing regular muscle spasms.

Regain Movement Without Tricep Muscle Spasms

One of the issues with the conventional medical treatment of muscle spasms in the triceps is that it needs to be more invasive, or it only addresses the symptoms and not the underlying cause. Neuragenex takes a whole-person approach to treat tricep muscle spasms by implementing a Neurofunctional Pain Management in our Neuragenex protocol. This approach combines electroanalgesia, IV therapy, and personalized lifestyle counseling to target the root cause of your muscle spasms and give you lasting relief.

Everything You Need To Know About Biphasic Electrical Stimulation

Electrical stimulation, or e-stim, is a form of therapy that uses electrical signals to trigger muscle contractions, which can provide short-term to long-term pain relief based on the intensity of the e-stim treatment. Medical professionals have used e-stim for decades, and it is now common practice to help treat various issues and conditions, from minor muscle injuries to chronic pain. 

However, you should note that there are different e-stim treatment solutions. For example, biphasic e-stim treatment is commonly used by physical therapists to help treat a range of issues.

What Is Biphasic Electrical Stimulation?

Biphasic electrical stimulation is a type of waveform used in e-stim therapy. It is one of the most commonly used waveforms in e-stim therapy, and it is often used to help strengthen muscles, re-educate muscles, decrease swelling, and increase circulation.

Biphasic electrical stimulation works by sending two different pulses (or phases) at two different intensities that alternate (which is why it’s sometimes known as alternating current therapy as well). This type of e-stim treatment differs from the traditional direct current used in other e-stim solutions, as it does not necessarily use a continuous stream of electricity to stimulate the affected area. Instead, it uses two different pulses, one positive and one negative, that are delivered in quick succession to generate a therapeutic effect.

Types Of Biphasic Electrical Stimulation

When it comes to biphasic e-stim treatments, there are two main types. These include symmetrical biphasic waveforms and asymmetrical biphasic waveforms. The following is a breakdown of both types:

Symmetrical Biphasic Waveforms

Symmetrical biphasic waveforms use identical phases that cancel each other out, thereby producing a zero-net charge. As a result, they are less likely to cause a skin reaction. Symmetrical biphasic waveforms are also less fatiguing than polyphasic waveforms because they require less energy from the device to deliver a therapeutic effect, making them more comfortable for the patient to use. 

Symmetrical biphasic waveforms are used by variable muscle stimulator (VMS) units. Because symmetrical biphasic waveforms help generate greater torque with muscle contractions, VMS units are commonly used to help stimulate and strengthen large muscle groups.

Asymmetrical Biphasic Waveforms

Asymmetrical biphasic waveforms consist of non-identical phases that can be either balanced with no net charge or unbalanced, yielding a net charge. Asymmetrical biphasic waveforms are commonly used with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) units, which tend to be more helpful for targeting and strengthening small muscle groups.

How It Works

Biphasic electrical stimulation works by sending alternating pulses that cause a change in the electrical potential between two points. This produces an electrochemical reaction that causes muscles to contract and relax, depending on the intensity of the electrical stimulus. 

The change in electrical potential can help reduce pain and inflammation, in addition to re-educating muscles. This improved muscle response can then be used to help strengthen the affected muscle group and improve overall physical function. It can also improve circulation and reduce swelling.

Conditions And Symptoms Treated By Biphasic Electrical Stimulation

Because biphasic electrical stimulation can help both small and large muscle groups to contract and relax to reduce inflammation, swelling, and pain, as well as to increase circulation, e-stim units (such as TENS and VMS) are commonly used to treat a variety of conditions and symptoms, including:


Biphasic electrical stimulation can reduce inflammation and improve circulation, which can help reduce acute and chronic pain by relaxing tight muscles, decreasing spasms, and improving blood flow to the area. This increased circulation helps promote healing and reduces pain signals send to the the brain, resulting in a decrease in pain.

Muscular and Disc Syndromes

Biphasic electrical stimulation can help reduce muscular tension and spasms and improve muscle tone in the affected areas. This improved muscle tone can help reduce back, neck, and shoulder pain caused by muscular or disc syndromes, such as herniated discs, pinched nerves, and sciatica. Additionally, improving muscle strength and range of motion can help reduce the likelihood of future pain and injuries.


Arthritis is inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues that can cause pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased range of motion. Biphasic electrical stimulation can help improve circulation to the affected area, thereby reducing inflammation and swelling. Additionally, improved muscle contractions and relaxation can help increase the affected joint’s range of motion, reducing stiffness and soreness.


Neuropathies refer to a type of nerve damage that can cause numbness, tingling, and pain in the affected area. Biphasic electrical stimulation can relieve these symptoms by helping to reduce inflammation and muscle spasms. Additionally, improved circulation can help the nerve cells to regenerate, reducing pain and restoring sensation in the affected area.

When Is Biphasic Electrical Stimulation Not Recommended

Biphasic electrical stimulation should be avoided in patients with certain cardiac conditions, including those with pacemakers, and any condition that warrants avoiding electrical stimulation, such as open wounds or infections. Additionally, pregnant women and people with epilepsy should not use biphasic electrical stimulation. Finally, patients should always consult with their medical provider before using any type of electrical stimulation to ensure safety and effectiveness.

Other Electrical Stimulation Treatments You Should Consider

TENS is a frequently used type of biphasic electrical stimulation, but there is another treatment option available: electroanalgesia. The problem with TENS units is that despite using biphasic waveforms, the pulse rate is low. At most, a TENS unit can only deliver around 400 pulses a second. At-home TENS units have an even lower pulse rate, topping out at 250. Because the pulse rate is so low, the pain neurons being targeted won’t be as affected and can even re-polarize, which means that any relief you might experience from TENS treatment will likely be temporary.

At Neuragenex, we use electroanalgesia therapy instead. Electroanalgesia can provide long-term relief because it delivers electrical currents at up to 10,000 pulses per second. A frequency of at least 8300 pulses per second is required to target the neurons’ pain fibers effectively.

Get The Right E-Stim Therapy To Ease Your Pain Safely

E-stim therapy is a safe and effective way to help relieve pain from many conditions. However, it’s essential to understand how e-stim devices work and that not all forms of e-stim are the same. If you’re suffering from chronic pain, you’ll want to choose a type of e-stim therapy that provides long-term relief. As such, consider electroanalgesia as part of our Neuragenex protocol to manage chronic pain.

Understanding The Various Types Of Migraines

When most people think of what a migraine is, they think of a brutal headache that can last for a long time. However, a migraine is much more than just a headache. In fact, it’s not a headache at all — it’s a neurological disorder that causes various physical and psychological symptoms. Therefore, to effectively manage your condition, it is essential to understand the different types of migraine and the associated symptoms

That being said, the following guide will help you better understand what a migraine is, what the different types are, and how they can be managed to help prevent them from hurting your quality of life.

Four Stages Of Migraines

Regular headaches tend to occur right away, which is one of the reasons why a migraine is not considered a headache. A migraine is a condition that can affect the whole body. Migraines come in four different stages with waves of symptoms– including headaches. The following are the four stages of a typical migraine.

Stage 1: Prodrome

The word “prodrome” means “warning.” Prodrome is the first stage of a migraine; symptoms can occur up to a day or two before an actual migraine attack. During the prodrome stage, you may experience subtle changes in mood and behavior. These may be signs of a migraine attack, typically occurring at least 24 hours before the headache. Common early signals include irritability, fatigue, food cravings, and constipation.

Stage 2: Aura

The second stage is the aura. “Aura” refers to a set of neurological symptoms that occur before or during a migraine episode. The symptoms of an aura are typically sensory in nature, such as changes in vision, hearing, or smell. Other common signs include pins and needles sensations, dizziness, and difficulty speaking. An aura typically lasts up to an hour before the headache itself begins.

Stage 3: Attack

The third stage is the actual migraine attack itself. This is when you experience a throbbing headache along with other symptoms, such as nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Depending on the individual, the attack can last anywhere from 4-72 hours.

Level 4: Postdrome

“Postdrome” is the fourth stage of a migraine, typically occurring after the headache has passed. The postdrome phase may last a couple of hours to a day or two after the migraine attack. It’s sometimes referred to as a “migraine hangover.” During this stage, you may experience confusion and exhaustion, as well as feel achy and weary.

Risk Factors

One of the challenges in treating migraines is that the underlying cause is unknown. However, various risk factors have been identified that can increase the likelihood of a migraine. The following are some of the common risk factors for migraines:


Migraines can run in families, and studies have shown that if your parent or sibling has a history of migraines, you have an increased risk of developing them. In fact, 80 percent of people who experience migraines have reported a family history of migraines. Additionally, if one parent has a history of migraines, their child will have a 50 percent chance of developing migraines as well.


Migraines are most common in adults aged 20 to 40. The reason is unknown, but it is thought to be related to changing hormone levels.


Women tend to be at greater risk than men when it comes to migraine attacks. This is thought to be the result of hormonal changes. For example, the hormonal changes that occur during menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and oral contraceptives. It’s estimated that migraines are twice as prevalent in women than men. It’s also been shown that the prevalence of migraines increases once women go through puberty and decreases after menopause.

Migraine Triggers

Triggers” refer to environmental or lifestyle factors that can cause a migraine attack. These triggers vary from person to person and often depend on the type of migraines you’re experiencing. Understanding your triggers is vital to managing your migraines since avoiding those triggers can help you to prevent migraine attacks. With this in mind, the following are some of the most common triggers of a migraine.


One of the most common triggers is stress. When you become stressed, the brain releases certain chemicals that help to combat whatever situation is causing the stress. These chemicals are responsible for the “fight or flight” response but can also trigger a migraine. Additionally, anxiety or emotional stress, in general, can increase your muscle tension and dilate blood vessels, thereby increasing the severity of your migraine.

Hormonal Changes

As previously mentioned, hormones can play a significant role in the onset of migraines. Changes in hormone levels, like those that occur during menstruation or menopause, can trigger a migraine attack. Additionally, some medications, such as oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy (HRT), can increase the likelihood of migraines.


Studies show that food is responsible for triggering upwards of 30 percent of all migraines. This is because certain foods, such as processed meats (e.g., hot dogs and bacon), aged cheeses, and chocolate, contain certain additives, such as nitrates and MSG (monosodium glutamate). These additives are thought to expand the blood vessels in the brain and make you more susceptible to a migraine attack.

Environmental Triggers

Environmental triggers, such as changes in barometric pressure, sudden changes in the weather, and extreme hot or cold temperatures, can also trigger a migraine. Other environmental factors include bright lights, loud noises, and strong smells (e.g., perfume).


People who constantly take headache medications to try and relieve migraine-related headache pain may experience what is known as a rebound headache. This type of headache occurs when the medications used to alleviate pain are taken too frequently and can increase headache frequency and severity. 

Other medications can trigger migraines as well. For example: vasodilators, such as those used to treat high blood pressure, can widen your blood vessels and contribute to migraine attacks.


Smoking and using other tobacco products can also trigger a migraine attack. This is because when nicotine enters the body, it constricts blood vessels, which can result in a tobacco migraine. Additionally, the chemicals found in cigarettes and other tobacco products are thought to increase a person’s sensitivity to pain.


The consumption of alcohol can also trigger a migraine attack. One study showed that alcohol was a common trigger for around a third of people who suffered from migraine attacks. This is thought to be because of the dehydrating effects of alcohol, which causes electrolyte and fluid imbalance in the body, thereby potentially triggering migraines. Additionally, certain types of alcohol, such as red wine and beer, contain additives that are thought to trigger a migraine.


Caffeine can also trigger a migraine attack. This is because caffeine can cause the blood vessels to constrict, which can trigger a migraine. In addition, if you drink too much caffeine, your body can become dehydrated, leading to an electrolyte and fluid imbalance, which can also trigger a migraine. Finally, the withdrawal from caffeine can also trigger a migraine, as your body is no longer receiving the regular doses of caffeine it has become used to.

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep deprivation can also contribute to the onset of a migraine attack. People with insomnia or who work long hours are at greater risk for migraines. Studies have shown that when a person doesn’t get enough sleep, their body increases the production of a specific type of protein. This protein can lower your pain threshold (making migraine attacks more severe) and trigger intense migraine attacks.

8 Types Of Migraines And Their Symptoms 

Diagnosing what kind of migraine condition you have will go a long way toward finding the proper treatment. There are various types of migraines, each with its own symptoms. With that in mind, the following are the eight most common types of migraines:

1. Migraine With Aura

Migraines with aura occur when you experience a warning sign before the headache. These symptoms typically occur around 30 minutes before the headache begins and are often visual. Migraines with an aura tend to be less common than those without. It’s also worth mentioning that some people will experience the aura of a migraine with aura but won’t experience any more symptoms (such as the actual headache). Such experiences are more common in older people.


The following are a few of the symptoms that you may experience if you get migraines with an aura:

  • Dizziness and confusion during the aura stage
  • Vision changes, such as flashing lights or wavy lines
  • Numbness or tingling in different parts of the body
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Weakness in the extremities
  • Moderate to severe headache

2. Migraine Without Aura

Migraines without an aura are the most common type of migraine. They occur when you don’t experience any early signs or warning signals before the headache. To be diagnosed with migraines without aura, you must experience at least five attacks within a year.


The following are some of the symptoms that you may experience if you get migraines without an aura:

  • Throbbing pain located on one side of the head
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sound and light
  • Fatigue

3. Chronic Migraines

Chronic migraines are a type of migraine that happens more than 15 times per month for at least three months. People who experience episodic migraines may develop them more and more over time due to various risk factors and triggers. The more headaches you have, the lower the threshold for new headaches becomes. As a result, your migraines will become less responsive to medication and may become chronic.


Chronic migraines can occur with or without an aura. The symptoms are generally similar to migraines with or without an aura. The only difference is that they happen much more regularly. As such, the following are some of the common symptoms of chronic migraines:

  • Dizziness and confusion during the aura stage
  • Vision changes, such as flashing lights or wavy lines
  • Numbness or tingling in various parts of the body
  • Throbbing pain located on one side of the head
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sound and light
  • Fatigue

4. Vestibular Migraine

The vestibular system is the body’s balance and coordination system. A vestibular migraine occurs when this system is affected by a migraine attack, which can lead to vertigo or dizziness and a feeling of unsteadiness or motion sickness. The reason this occurs is thought to be a change in how you interpret your senses caused by abnormal brainstem activity. 

It’s estimated that around 10 percent of people with migraines experience vestibular migraines. They also tend to occur more often in people with a history of migraines without an aura. To be diagnosed as having vestibular migraines, you must experience dizziness at least 50 percent of the time that you have a migraine.


Vestibular migraines are unique in that they come with various symptoms that regular migraines do not cause. The symptoms of a vestibular migraine include:

5. Migraine With Brainstem Aura

Also known as a basilar-type migraine, this type of migraine is rare and originates from the brainstem. There are several theories as to what causes this type of migraine. When the condition was first identified, it was thought to be caused by a temporary narrowing of the basilar artery that supplies blood to the brainstem. Currently, most people believe it results from a genetic predisposition or an abnormality of the nerves or occipital lobes.

It’s estimated that only around ten percent of people with migraines with an aura experience this type of attack. It’s most common in teenagers and young adults, and it can be triggered by physical activity or stress.


The symptoms of a migraine with a brainstem aura are unique in that they are very similar to the symptoms that a stroke victim might have. These symptoms tend to come during the aura stage before the onset of the headache and generally don’t last for more than an hour. With that in mind, the following are the common symptoms of a migraine with a brainstem aura:

  • Double vision
  • Vertigo
  • Slurred speech
  • Numbness
  • Tinnitus
  • Partial hearing loss
  • Coordination problems
  • Pain in the back of the head on both sides

6. Menstrual Migraine

Considering that migraines, in general, are linked to hormones, it makes sense that some women experience migraines around the time of their period. In fact, migraines in women occur two to three times as often during menstruation than any other time. This type of migraine is called a menstrual migraine. Menstrual migraines are incredibly common in women. In fact, 60 percent of women with migraines experience menstrual migraines.


First, it’s important to note that there are two types of menstrual migraines: a menstrual-related migraine and a pure menstrual migraine. A menstrual-related migraine occurs when you experience a migraine without an aura for a day or two before your period and in more than 60 percent of your cycles. You may also experience migraines with or without an aura at various other times during your cycle.

A pure menstrual migraine occurs when you only experience migraines without an aura during the one or two days before your period or after the onset of your period for more than 60 percent of your cycles. These types are much less common than menstrual-related migraines. As far as the actual symptoms go, they are no different than regular migraines with or without auras.

7. Hemiplegic Migraine

Like a migraine with a brainstem aura, a hemiplegic migraine causes stroke-like symptoms during the aura stage. It’s one of the most serious types of migraines and also one of the rarest. There are two main types of hemiplegic migraines: familial and sporadic. Familial hemiplegic migraines are genetic and are passed down from generation to generation. Sporadic hemiplegic migraines, on the other hand, are not genetic in origin. Both forms typically develop in childhood and can last hours to weeks.


Because of how similar some of the symptoms are to a stroke, you must seek medical attention if you experience such symptoms to rule out other potential conditions (like a stroke). A complete neurological exam will likely need to be done to diagnose the issue. With that in mind, the symptoms of a hemiplegic migraine include the following:

  • Fever
  • Problems with coordination
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Increased sensitivity to sound and light
  • Vision changes
  • Trouble speaking
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Hemiplegia (paralysis or weakness on one side of the body)
  • Changes in consciousness, from confusion to profound coma

8. Abdominal Migraine

Abdominal migraines are much different than other types of migraines. First of all, they mainly occur in children. Secondly, unlike other migraines, they don’t cause headache pain. Instead, they are more known for causing abdominal pain (hence, the name “abdominal migraine”). Abdominal migraines last between four and 72 hours. It’s estimated that around one to four percent of school-aged children (primarily girls) suffer from abdominal migraines. 

Fortunately, abdominal migraines will disappear as most children grow older. However, some studies indicate that anywhere from 50 to 70 percent of children with abdominal migraines will develop regular migraines later.


These are some of the common symptoms of an abdominal migraine:

  • Moderate to severe ache or soreness in the middle of the stomach
  • Light and noise sensitivity
  • A pale appearance
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

How Long Does A Migraine Attack Last?

The duration of a migraine attack can vary significantly from person to person. Generally, most migraine attacks last between 4 and 72 hours, but some can last as long as a week. However, not all of your symptoms may last for the duration of the migraine. Usually, the headache pain will last the longest of the symptoms. It’s also worth repeating that some symptoms that occur during the aura stage (if your migraines have an aura stage) will often disappear with the onset of the headache. Additionally, some symptoms may last even after your headache disappears, such as fatigue. 

When To Seek Medical Treatment For Your Migraine

If your migraine lasts more than 72 hours, you should seek medical attention. Additionally, if you are experiencing symptoms that are not normal for a common migraine with or without an aura, you should also seek medical attention. Although they may indicate that you have a different type of migraine, you’ll want to ensure that any other conditions that cause similar symptoms are ruled out (such as a stroke). That being said, if you experience any of the following symptoms during your migraine, you should go to a doctor to get a proper diagnosis:

  • Extremely severe head pain
  • Paralysis or partial paralysis
  • Severe confusion
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Vision changes that do not get better
  • Weakness or difficulty moving
  • High fever
  • Continuous and intense nausea and vomiting

Take The Right Approach To Your Migraine Pain Treatment

There’s no cure for migraines. Unfortunately, that means many people rely on headache medications to try and relieve their migraine symptoms. However, doing so only temporarily masks the symptom and can create additional issues, including side effects and rebound headaches. Managing migraine pain effectively involves a comprehensive, whole-person approach to pain management, which is precisely what the Neuragenex protocol provides.

We take a Neurofunctional Pain Management approach to treating migraine pain, which means that we look at all of the factors that could be contributing to your migraine. Our treatment plan is tailored to each patient and includes:

  • Electroanalgesia: High-pulse electrical stimulation therapy that’s FDA-cleared and proven to provide long-term pain relief. Electroanalgesia reduces inflammation, increases blood flow, blocks pain signals, and releases endorphins (the body’s natural pain reliever).
  • IV therapy: Intravenous (IV) therapy is a treatment that introduces vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients directly into the bloodstream. IV therapy can help hydrate the body, rebalance electrolytes, and boost energy levels, thereby potentially helping to reduce the frequency as well as the intensity of your migraines.
  • Lifestyle counseling: We provide personalized lifestyle counseling to help you change your habits and behaviors, leading to better overall health and improved migraine management. For example, helping you identify your migraine triggers and taking steps to help avoid them in the future.

At Neuragenex, we focus on a whole-person approach to not only treat your symptoms but help you potentially reduce their intensity and even prevent migraines in the future — all without having to resort to medication, chiropractic therapy, or invasive treatments. Be sure to contact us today to learn more about our Neuragenex protocol and how it can help you.

Microcurrent Electrical Therapy: Can It Manage Pain Long-Term?

Microcurrent Electrical Therapy (MET) is a relatively new form of electrotherapy used to treat a variety of conditions, including pain. 

MET was developed in the mid-to-late-1900s by researchers exploring the benefits of extremely low-level electrical currents on the body’s healing processes. Since then, MET has been used to treat a variety of conditions, including chronic pain, nerve damage, and even depression. 

For its claim as a treatment capability for a variety of conditions, MET is growing in popularity. While it is a non-invasive, drug-free option that works by delivering low-level electrical currents to targeted areas of the body, questions have been raised regarding its efficacy in the long run. 

These questions and considerations–raised by both patients and physicians–will be discussed below. So, let’s dive in!

What Is Microcurrent Electrical Therapy (MET)?

Microcurrent Electrical Therapy is a type of therapy that uses a low level of electrical current to stimulate the body’s natural healing processes. The electrical current used in MET is very small, typically less than one-millionth of an amp, and is delivered through electrodes placed on the skin. 

During MET, the electrical current is applied to specific points on the body in order to stimulate the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a molecule that provides energy to cells. This increase in ATP production might help reduce inflammation, promote healing, and relieve pain. 

MET is often used to treat a variety of conditions, including fibromyalgia, arthritis, and sports injuries. It is generally considered safe, although individuals with certain medical conditions, such as pacemakers or epilepsy, should not undergo MET.

Different Types Of MET

The following are some of the most common types of MET available on the market and are available through a doctor-assisted application or self-administration:

  • Interferential Therapy (IFT) is a type of electrotherapy that uses high frequency electrical currents to provide pain relief and promote healing. IFT involves the use of two or more electrical currents that are delivered through electrodes placed on the skin. 

The currents intersect and interact with each other, creating a therapeutic frequency that penetrates deep into the tissues. This treatment claims to stimulate the body’s natural healing processes and promote the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers.

  • Russian Stimulation is a type of electrical muscle stimulation that uses a medium frequency current to stimulate muscle contractions. The current is delivered through electrodes placed on the skin, and the stimulation causes the muscles to contract and relax repeatedly. 

Russian stimulation has been used to treat muscle weakness, improve muscle tone, and reduce muscle spasms. While it may not directly treat pain, the increased muscle strength and improved muscle function may alleviate pain caused by muscle imbalances or weakness

Russian stimulation is generally considered safe, but should be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

  • Microcurrent Point Stimulation (MPS) is a type of therapy that combines principles from traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, and neurology. It involves the use of a low-level electrical current applied to specific acupuncture points on the body using a handheld device. 

The electrical current stimulates nerve endings and releases natural painkillers such as endorphins and enkephalins, which can provide pain relief and improve overall well-being. MPS has been used to treat a variety of conditions, including chronic pain, anxiety, and depression, and is generally considered safe. 

Individual results and levels of efficacy may vary.

What Are The Conditions Treated?

There are claims that microcurrent electrical therapy might be beneficial for a wide range of conditions. It could be used to treat acute and chronic pain, as well as various physical and neurological conditions. 

It has been suggested that MET is effective in treating conditions such as fibromyalgia, arthritis, muscle and joint pain, nerve pain, and migraines. It can also be used to improve range of motion, promote healing of soft tissue injuries, and reduce inflammation.

In addition to physical conditions, MET might also be beneficial for certain neurological and psychological conditions. For example, it has been used to treat anxiety, depression, and insomnia.

How Does Microcurrent Electrical Therapy Treat A Condition?

The electrical current used in MET stimulates the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers, and can also promote relaxation and improve mood. 

While MET is generally considered safe, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before undergoing this type of therapy, especially if you have any underlying medical conditions.


Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) and Microcurrent Electrical Therapy (MET) are both types of electrical stimulation therapies used for pain management. The main difference between TENS therapy and MET therapy is the level of electrical current used. 

TENS therapy typically uses a higher level of current than MET therapy (up to 1,000 times higher), and is designed to provide immediate pain relief by blocking pain signals from the nerves.

In contrast, MET therapy uses a much lower level of current and is designed to stimulate the body’s natural healing processes, ostensibly promoting tissue repair and reducing inflammation. While both therapies can be effective for pain management, they are used for different purposes and can have different effects on the body.

Risks & Limitations Of Microcurrent Electrical Nerve Stimulation

While microcurrent electrical therapy is generally considered safe, there are some potential drawbacks to consider. One potential drawback is the risk of skin irritation or burns from the electrical current. If the electrodes are not properly placed or if the electrical current is too high, it can cause discomfort, redness, or blistering on the skin.

Additionally, while MET can be somewhat effective for pain management, it may not be a suitable treatment for all types of pain or all individuals. Some people may not respond well to the therapy or may experience limited pain relief due to its lowered level of electrical current.

1. Uses Low-Amp Electrical Stimulation

Microcurrent Electrical Therapy implements a current that, as we previously discussed, is significantly lower than other electrical stimulation therapies. Because MET can be up to 1,000 times lower than even TENS therapy, many patients will feel dissatisfied with the resulting level of pain relief. 

Often the therapy does not do enough to help them manage their pain or return to a higher quality of life.

2. Dependent On User Compliance

Microcurrent electrical therapy (MET) can be administered in a variety of settings, including clinical settings, physical therapy clinics, and chiropractic offices. However, many MET devices are also designed to be used by patients at home, allowing for convenient self-administration of the therapy.

While self-administration of MET can be beneficial in terms of flexibility and convenience, it is important to note that proper training and guidance are essential to ensure safe and effective use of the device. 

Patients should consult with a healthcare professional before using a MET device at home to ensure that it is a suitable treatment option for their individual needs and medical history. 

Additionally, patients should carefully follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer and should not exceed the recommended duration or frequency of use. Without proper training, guidance, and regular compliance, patients may not experience an acceptable level of pain relief or may even experience painful side-effects.

3. May Not Be Covered With Insurance

Microcurrent electrical therapy is not always covered by insurance, particularly if it is an at-home device. Insurance coverage for MET can vary depending on the type of device, the underlying medical condition being treated, and the specific insurance policy. 

While some insurance plans may cover MET when it is administered by a healthcare professional in a clinical setting, coverage for at-home devices may be more limited.

Patients should consult with their insurance provider to determine if MET therapy is covered under their policy and what, if any, out-of-pocket costs may be involved. 

Additionally, some manufacturers of at-home MET devices offer payment plans or financing options to make the devices more accessible to patients who may not have insurance coverage or who may have limited financial resources. 

Ultimately, the decision to use MET therapy should be based on the individual’s needs, medical history, and financial situation, and should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional.

4. May Require Multiple Treatment Sessions

Microcurrent electrical therapy typically requires multiple sessions over a period of time to achieve the desired results. The exact number of sessions needed will depend on the individual’s condition, the severity of their symptoms, and their overall health status. 

In some cases, patients may start to experience pain relief after just a few sessions, while others may require several weeks or even months of treatment.

The need for multiple sessions can be a significant time commitment for some individuals, particularly those who have busy schedules or who live far from the treatment facility. Patients should carefully consider their ability to commit to a regular treatment schedule before starting MET therapy. 

Additionally, patients should be aware that the effects of MET are cumulative, meaning that the benefits may continue to improve with each session.

Why Consider Other Devices With Higher Pulse Rates?

Since MET only targets the near surface level, as penetration of tissue requires more actual electrical power and current and in turn requires higher pulse ratings to reach those current thresholds, it may not be as effective for conditions that require deeper tissue penetration, such as deep muscle injuries, deep musculoskeletal pain, or internal joint problems. 

Additionally, the low-level electrical current used in MET therapy may not be strong enough to reach certain areas of the body or to provide significant pain relief for some individuals. 

Because MET only focuses on targeting at the surface tissue level, this can be a potential disadvantage when compared to other devices that emit higher frequencies and wavelengths to penetrate deeper into tissues.

Electroanalgesia As A Better And Higher Alternative

For those who feel MET is not the answer for their pain or that it is not doing enough to relieve the pain, Neuragenex has the answer with its electroanalgesia therapy. Electroanalgesia is an FDA-cleared treatment that implements electrical stimulation to relieve pain and reduce inflammation for extensive periods of time.

Unlike MET or even TENS therapy, Neuragenex’s electroanalgesia treatment sends up to 10,000 pulses per second of current for maximum pain relief. When compared to TENS therapy’s max range of around 400 electric pulses per second, one could see how there is a higher efficacy. 

When you compare that quantity to the low level currents used in MET, there is no question that Electroanalgesia has the upper-hand in lasting efficacy and pain reduction. When the high pulse electrical stimulation offered by Electroanalgesia is applied to affected areas, there is a higher probability that pain-relieving endorphins will help reduce pain signals and inflammation. 

In addition to Electroanalgesia, patients will be treated using a whole-person approach, which includes IV-therapy and robust lifestyle counseling. IV therapy involves the infusion of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients to supplement what the body could be missing. This therapy boosts your immune system and results in the most effective form of pain relief possible.

As patients continue to find relief from pain, Neuragenex will offer lifestyle counseling to help patients make the changes in their life that will allow them to mitigate the pain on their own. Some of these sessions include low-stress exercise recommendations, nutritional advice, and educational material so patients can get the most out of their pain treatment.

TENS Unit For Endometriosis: Is It Strong Enough For Long-Term Relief?

Endometriosis is a condition that affects the reproductive system, where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and discomfort. Almost half of the female population throughout the world experience endometriosis in some form. Women with endometriosis often experience chronic pain, which can significantly impact their quality of life. One potential treatment option for managing endometriosis-related pain is transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy. TENS therapy involves the use of a small, battery-operated device that sends low-level electrical currents through the skin to stimulate the nerves and reduce pain.

While some people with endometriosis have reported relief from TENS therapy, it may not be effective enough to fully manage endometriosis-related pain and while TENS therapy can help reduce pain during menstrual periods, it may not be effective in reducing chronic pelvic pain or improving overall quality of life for an extended period of time.

Endometriosis And TENS Therapy

TENS therapy is a relatively popular treatment option for managing endometriosis-related pain. However, it’s important to note that self-reported use of TENS therapy does not necessarily indicate its effectiveness in relieving pain. Additionally, TENS therapy may not be widely available or accessible to all individuals with endometriosis, depending on factors such as treatment cost, patient education, and availability of TENS devices.

Benefits Of Using A Tens For Endometriosis Pain

TENS therapy can offer several potential benefits for individuals with endometriosis who are seeking pain relief. First, TENS therapy is a non-invasive, drug-free option for managing pain, which may be appealing to individuals who are looking to avoid the side effects and risks associated with medication or surgery. Second, TENS therapy is a relatively safe and easy-to-use treatment option, which can be self-administered at home with the guidance of a healthcare provider. Third, TENS therapy can provide targeted pain relief to specific areas of the body, which may be particularly beneficial for individuals with endometriosis who experience localized pain in the pelvic region. Fourth, TENS therapy has been shown to stimulate the production of endorphins, which are the body’s natural pain-relieving chemicals. This can help to reduce pain and promote a sense of relaxation and well-being. 

However, it’s important to note that the efficacy of TENS therapy for endometriosis-related pain may vary from person to person, and some individuals may not experience significant relief of their symptoms with this treatment. Additionally, TENS therapy should be used as part of a comprehensive pain management plan, which may include other treatments and strategies such as medication, physical therapy, or counseling.

How A TENS Unit Work In Managing Endometriosis Pain

TENS therapy works by delivering low-level electrical impulses to the body via electrodes placed on the skin. These electrical impulses stimulate the nerve fibers in the affected area, which can help to interrupt the pain signals that are being sent to the brain.

Specifically, TENS therapy is thought to work by two primary mechanisms: the gate control theory and the release of endorphins. The gate control theory suggests that the electrical impulses produced by the TENS device can stimulate larger nerve fibers, which can help to block the transmission of pain signals from the smaller nerve fibers. The release of endorphins is the body’s natural pain relief mechanism. TENS therapy is thought to stimulate the release of endorphins in the body, which can help to reduce pain and promote a sense of relaxation and well-being.

Is An At-Home TENS Unit Strong Enough To Relieve Endometriosis Pain?

There are several reasons why TENS therapy may not be effective enough to fully manage endometriosis-related pain. For one, the underlying causes of endometriosis are not fully understood, which can make it challenging for those suffering from endometriosis pain to understand how to use the unit effectively. Additionally, endometriosis-related pain can be complex and multifactorial, involving a combination of inflammatory, hormonal, and neurogenic factors. TENS therapy may be effective at reducing pain related to nerve stimulation, but it may not address the other factors that contribute to endometriosis-related pain.

Finally, it is worth noting that TENS therapy is just one of many potential treatment options. Other options may include medication, hormone therapy, surgery, or a combination of these approaches. The best course of treatment will depend on the individual’s specific symptoms and needs, and healthcare professionals should work closely with their patients to develop a personalized treatment plan that is most effective and appropriate for them. Often, these personalized treatment plans do not include TENS therapy and it is typically due to its lacking efficacy.

Required Current And Wavelength To Achieve Relief

For effective treatment, the higher the pulse an electric stimulation treatment delivers, the more pain it will relieve– as long as it is safe, of course. When compared to other electric pulse stimulation therapies for pain relief, TENS treatment does not administer the lowest current available, but it is nowhere near the highest. Therefore, TENS treatment is not the most effective in providing lasting pain relief.

Insurance Coverage

Because a TENS unit does not provide adequate electrical stimulation for pain relief, it is not covered by insurance, particularly if it is an at-home device. Ultimately, the decision to use TENS therapy should be based on the individual’s needs, medical history, and financial situation, and should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional. However, because it is not covered by health insurance and doesn’t typically provide adequate or lasting pain relief, many seeking endometriosis pain relief will turn to alternative options.

Risks of TENS Units for Endometriosis Pain Management

TENS Units for Endometriosis pain management come with some potential risks and side effects. Some of the most common side effects of TENS therapy include discomfort in the abdominal area, skin irritation, irritation of the endometrial tissue, and allergic reactions.

Discomfort in the Abdominal Area

Discomfort in the abdominal area is one of the most common side effects of TENS therapy for endometriosis. This discomfort can range from mild to severe and may feel like a cramping or pulling sensation in the pelvic region. While this discomfort is usually temporary and will subside after the TENS therapy is stopped, it can be unpleasant and may interfere with daily activities.

Skin Irritation and Endometrial Tissue Irritation

Skin irritation is another potential side effect of TENS therapy. This can occur when the electrodes used in the therapy are not placed properly or are left in place for too long. Skin irritation can manifest as redness, itching, or a rash at the site of the electrodes. In some cases, this irritation can be severe enough to require medical treatment.

Irritation of the endometrial tissue is another potential risk associated with TENS therapy for endometriosis. This can occur when the electrodes are placed over the areas of the body where endometrial tissue is present. This irritation can cause the tissue to become inflamed and can exacerbate pain and discomfort in the pelvic region.

Allergic Reactions

Finally, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to the materials used in TENS therapy, such as the electrodes or the adhesive used to hold them in place. These reactions can range from mild to severe and may include itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing. Individuals with a history of allergies or skin sensitivities should discuss their risks with their healthcare provider before using a TENS unit for endometriosis pain management.

Who Should Avoid Using TENS Unit For Endometriosis?

Pregnant women and women with implanted medical devices should avoid using TENS therapy for endometriosis pain management. The electrical stimulation could cause harm to the developing fetus, and the device could interfere with the function of implanted medical devices, such as pacemakers or defibrillators. Additionally, individuals with epilepsy or a history of seizures should use TENS therapy with caution as it may trigger a seizure. 

It is also important to note that TENS therapy should not be used as a substitute for proper medical care for endometriosis. While it may provide temporary relief of pain, it does not address the underlying condition and should be used in conjunction with other medical treatments prescribed by a healthcare professional. Women who experience severe or persistent pain should seek medical attention to ensure proper diagnosis and management of their endometriosis.

Why Traditional Pain Management Approaches May Not Be Enough

Traditional pain management strategies, such as TENS therapy and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can provide temporary relief. However, they may not be enough for long-term pain management due to their limitations and potential risks.

NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, are commonly used to manage pain. However, prolonged use of NSAIDs can cause gastrointestinal problems, such as stomach ulcers and bleeding, and may increase the risk of cardiovascular events. Moreover, not all women respond to NSAIDs, and some may require stronger pain medications, such as opioids, which have their own risks and limitations.

Partnering TENS therapy with NSAIDs is not enough for long-term pain management for endometriosis. Instead, a comprehensive approach to pain management should be taken, which includes lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management techniques. Women with endometriosis may also benefit from alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, massage therapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapy but these are no guarantee for long-term pain relief.

A Better Non-Surgical And Non-Invasive Treatment For Endo Pain

Neuragenex leads the way with its whole-person approach to pain management and relief. With Electroanalgesia patients feel lasting relief from endometriosis pain. Accompanying Electroanalgesia, patients can also expect to be treated to a specialized nutritional hydration therapy to assist the body in its natural healing process. Finally, patients will be treated with a suite of lifestyle counseling and patient education that ensures they will have the opportunity to and confidence to tackle aspects of their endometriosis pain on their own.


Neuragenex offers the most effective form of electrical stimulation and pain relief through electroanalgesia. Not only is it safe and effective at treating endometriosis pain, its efficacy outweighs that of a TENS unit. Its efficacy, when compared to a TENS unit, is directly related to its high-pulse stimulation which is 1,000 times higher than that of a TENS unit. Electroanalgesia, with its high pulse electrical stimulation, creates a depolarization effect on the pain neurons, while also stimulating tissue regeneration that repairs damaged nerves and damaged microvascular tissues.

Specialized Nutritional Hydration Therapy

Neuragenex’s specialized nutritional hydration therapy of vitamins, minerals, and other nutritional necessities assists the body’s ability to relieve pain and works in conjunction with Electroanalgesia’s ability to relieve pain.

Lifestyle Counseling And Patient Education

Patients seeking the most effective form of relief from endometriosis pain will find it with our treatment program and attain the ability to maintain their pain in the interim by participating in our educational and lifestyle counseling. These programs ensure patients will have the ability and confidence to do all they can to mitigate the often debilitating endometriosis pain.

Get A Long-Term Endometriosis Pain Relief With Neuragenex

At Neuragenex, we understand that pain from endometriosis can be life-limiting and preclude many from living the full-fledged life they had imagined. At the same time, we know and have confidence that pain relief will come through our electroanalgesia, IV therapy, and educational programs. At Neuragenex, our mission is to relieve pain, restore health, and magnify quality of life while operating as a non-pharmaceutical, non-surgical, non-invasive, and non-chiropractic pain treatment provider. Our vision is to be the first thought, first choice, and first step in the journey of chronic pain relief.

A Comprehensive Guide On Electrical Stimulation Therapy For Knee Pain

Chronic knee pain affects over 25% of the population, making it one of the most widespread musculoskeletal disorders worldwide. And, given how much we rely on our knees for everyday activities, it is easy to estimate the extent of the impact that this condition may have on a person’s life. 

From dealing with recurring pain and reduced mobility to facing the challenges associated with unmanageable care costs and declining productivity, chronic knee pain can certainly be debilitating. To make things worse, patients with a chronic or degenerative knee condition have two, equally undesirable options: relying on pain medications or undergoing surgery. 

However, approaches such as electrical stimulation therapy are now offering a non-pharmaceutical and non-invasive alternative to treat knee pain. Let’s look at how these therapies work and how effective they are below.

Electrical Stimulation For Knee Pain

Electrical stimulation – also known as neuromodulation or E-stim – is a pain management approach that uses electricity to decrease knee pain and discomfort. During the treatment, mild pulses of electrical current are delivered to the area affected by pain with the use of sticky pads.

The pulses of electricity will produce a cascade of effects, including:

  • Stimulating blood flow: The electrical pulses can promote the flow of blood, nutrients, and oxygen to the injured area, thus supporting the body’s ability to heal and regenerate damaged tissue. This can also reduce inflammation which, in turn, will ease swelling, redness, and stiffness. 
  • Triggering the release of endorphins: Similarly to massage therapy, electrical stimulation can trigger the release of chemicals known as endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers. 
  • Modulating how your brain processes pain: The electrical pulses will act by “flooding” the nervous system and preventing pain signals from reaching the brain. The current may also be able to trigger a shift of electrical charge in pain neurons in the brain (a process known as depolarization), which can reset your perception of pain and lead to long-lasting relief from pain. 
  • Helping the muscles contract properly: E-stim can stimulate muscle movements, which can help prevent muscle shrinking (atrophy). Loss of muscle mass can be a complication of disability and prolonged immobilization and can contribute to further damage to the knee components. 

Being non-drug, non-surgical, and non-pharmaceutical, this approach can be used by a large percentage of the population with minimal risks.

With the guidance of a specialized healthcare professional, electrical stimulation can be used to address a wide range of conditions that cause knee pain. The most common ones are: 

  • Excessive stress 
  • Direct trauma
  • Fractures or dislocations
  • Torn tendons or ligaments (i.e.: sprains or strains)
  • Inflammatory conditions (i.e.: tendonitis and bursitis)
  • Arthritis and osteoarthritis

With over 303 million cases worldwide, osteoarthritis is the leading cause of knee pain among older adults. This degenerative condition causes the breakdown of the joint’s components, thus leading to pain, reduced mobility, and in severe cases, disability. 

Some other factors that increase your risk of suffering from knee pain later in life include obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and overuse. 

Given the permanent or degenerative nature of most conditions affecting the knee, electrical stimulation therapy represents a more sustainable pain management approach compared to pain medications or surgery.

Different Types Of Electrical Stimulation Therapy

Electrical stimulation therapies are often used as part of a more comprehensive physical therapy and pain management program, usually in combination with other therapies. 

Below, we’ll look at the different types of e-stim therapies and when they should be used to treat knee pain.

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is one of the most popular types of neuromodulation therapy. TENS units are today available as over-the-counter devices and allow for the self-administration of the treatment. 

Using TENS units for knee pain may provide relief from pain by interrupting or altering the pain signals traveling from damaged tissues in the knee joint to the brain.

How Does It Work?

TENS is performed using a portable, battery-operated device attached to a set of electrodes (sticky pads) that are placed around the knee joint. Selecting the right setting, the device will send mild pulses of electricity through the skin and the joint’s components.

The surge of electrical activity in the area will temporarily stop pain signals from reaching the brain and spinal cord, where they should be processed. This action, coupled with the release of endorphins and a reduction of inflammation, can ease painful sensations. 

Depending on your TENS device, you may be able to choose one of many different settings and adjust the rate at which the pulses are delivered (frequency). 

This kind of e-stim therapy is the most commonly used one to address both acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) knee pain.

Case Studies On Effectivity

Studies conducted in 2000 show that TENS can be used in the management and modulation of knee pain deriving from osteoarthritis. In a review published in 2015 by Cochrane, using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduced pain intensity by 50% in half of the patients studied.

However, not all studies have reached the same conclusions. According to a randomized controlled trial published in 2015, TENS improved subjective measures, such as pain intensity, functional abilities, and quality of life. However, a clinical trial published in 2021 in the Osteoarthritis and Cartilage Journal shows that TENS may not improve osteoarthritis pain.

Neuromuscular Electrostimulation (NMES)

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a procedure used to deliver mild pulses of electrical current to weak or paralyzed muscles. The electrical pulses help the muscles contract properly, which improves muscle strength, promotes blood circulation, and relieves muscle spasms. 

This therapy works by stimulating the nerve endings located within the muscles. These nerves are part of the peripheral nervous system – or the nerves located outside the brain and the spinal cord – and are responsible for transmitting signals relating to muscle movements to the brain.

How Does It Work?

NMES works similarly to TENS units. Electrodes attached to a battery-operated device are applied to the areas around the knee. Mild pulses of electrical current are then delivered to the muscles that support the knee joint to re-educate the muscles to contract properly. 

During an NMES therapy session, the electrodes are attached to the knee while you are performing everyday tasks, such as walking. As your leg moves, the electrical stimulation turns on, thus instructing the muscles to contract when they are supposed to contract. Vice-versa, the stimulation turns off when your muscles are supposed to relax or rest. 

This form of therapy may help people regain their knee function after surgery (i.e.: total knee arthroplasty) or a long period of immobilization following an injury. 

NMES may also be used in people with arthritis to strengthen the muscles surrounding a weakened knee joint or to prevent a loss of muscle mass that may occur due to disuse.

Case Studies On Effectivity

Studies show promising results that NMES can help patients regain their muscle function. 

According to a 2019 study published by Frontiers, re-educating muscles to contract properly can play a role in the management and prevention of chronic conditions, especially in individuals who are unable to practice physical exercise. 

The same study suggests NMES can prevent muscle atrophy in patients with reduced mobility, help maintain muscle strength, and support recovery from invasive surgeries such as total knee arthroplasty. 

A 2012 study also shows that undergoing NMES therapy for 8 weeks helps patients with knee osteoarthritis improve their quadriceps strength and overall health.

Interferential Current Therapy (ICT)

Interferential Current Therapy (ICT) is a type of electrical stimulation therapy used to modulate pain and improve blood circulation to damaged tissues. 

This double action ensures that the pulses can reach deeper into the tissue and inhibit the transmission of pain signals to the brain. ICT may also be more effective in boosting blood circulation and triggering the release of pain-relieving hormones like endorphins. 

How Does It Work?

Although ICT is similar to TENS in many ways, this kind of therapy differs in that it delivers two pulses of electricity at two different medium frequencies. The pulses alternate throughout a single session and can be adjusted and varied to address different types of painful tissues. 

During an ICT session, one of the pulses is kept at a constant frequency (usually 2000 Hz, 4000 Hz, or 6000 Hz), while the other one varies within a range of frequencies. This prevents your body from becoming used to the current and improves this therapy’s efficiency. 

ICT is often recommended to patients with knee osteoarthritis because of the longer-lasting pain-relieving action, but it can also be used in the treatment of sprains, strains, and joint damage.

Case Studies On Effectivity

A systematic review conducted in 2015 on the efficacy of various electrical stimulation therapies suggests that ICT is the most prominent pain management method for knee osteoarthritis. 

Additionally, a 2021 study on the analgesic effects of ICT shows that this therapy can efficiently relieve pain in people with knee osteoarthritis and post-operative knee pain. The same study highlights that the frequencies selected during the ICT therapy did not have an impact on its analgesic effects.

Electronic Muscle Stimulation (EMS)

Electronic Muscle Stimulation (EMS) is sometimes referred to as Russian stimulation. This therapy works similarly to Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and aims to re-educate the muscles to contract properly during movement. 

This aids the maintenance of muscle mass and prevents muscle atrophy in people with degenerative knee conditions, limited mobility, temporary or permanent immobilization, and disability.

How Does It Work?

EMS is similar to NMES: it delivers electrical current to the nerve endings within the muscles to trigger contractions. However, EMS uses intermittent and alternating medium-frequency electrical pulses (Russian Current), which help create more powerful or forceful movements in muscles that are otherwise unable to contract. 

This therapy may be used to help strengthen the muscle mass around a weakened knee joint, which can happen due to osteoarthritis. Although EMS is sometimes used in physical therapy and weight loss programs, it is mainly recommended to relieve muscle spasms, prevent muscle loss, and retrain muscles to contract properly.

Case Studies On Effectivity

According to a 2019 study, EMS can be considered to be an affordable and efficient instrument to ease pain and speed up recovery following an athletic knee injury, such as a torn Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear. The same study shows that EMS may be efficient in promoting the health and strength of the quadriceps muscle group after ACL repair surgery.

A 2017 study conducted on rats also shows that the use of Russian stimulation can speed up the bone regeneration process.

Benefits Of Electrical Stimulation Therapy

According to the research and case studies seen above, electrical stimulation may have analgesic – or pain-relieving – effects in people suffering from a range of conditions causing knee pain. 

But the benefits of these therapies go beyond simply easing discomfort. Let’s look at these benefits below:

  • Reduce chronic pain: By interrupting the pain signals traveling to the brain, e-stim therapy reduces painful sensations and discomfort in people with chronic conditions, such as osteoarthritis. 
  • Decrease inflammation and swelling: A study published in 2023 by The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research shows that electrical stimulation may help relieve inflammation by stopping the release of inflammatory molecules in the brain. 

Additionally, by forcing the muscles to contract, e-stim combats the build-up of fluids and swelling that occurs when the muscles are still for too long (edema). 

  • Improve range of motion: E-stim therapies help reduce the swelling and stiffness caused by inflammation, which can help you move your knee joint more freely.
  • Reduce muscle spasms: When used for muscle stimulation, electrical stimulation can modulate the activity of motor nerves within the muscles. This helps reduce involuntary movements such as spasms, fasciculations, and cramps, which are often caused by motor nerves misfiring spontaneously. 
  • Improve neuromuscular rehabilitation: E-stim therapies can be used to help patients build up or maintain muscle mass in the event of immobilization or reduced mobility. When used to retrain muscle contraction, e-stim can promote greater mobility, help reduce the risk of muscle atrophy, and support overall musculoskeletal health. 

What To Expect During The E-Stim Therapy

What to expect during e-stim therapy depends on the type of device used and the results you are looking to achieve. Before your first session, your healthcare provider will guide you through each step of the therapy, aftercare, and expected results. 

Below, you’ll find an overview of what happens during an electrical stimulation therapy session.

The Process

Normally, electrical stimulation therapy is used as part of a broader physical therapy or rehabilitation program that aims to restore knee function, support recovery from an injury, or reduce pain. 

In these cases, the therapy is administered by a professional using medical-grade devices. You’ll be instructed on how many sessions are needed to achieve the desired results and on the best type of e-stim for your needs. Below, we’ll look at what happens during and after the therapy. 

Note: Some TENS units are also available as over-the-counter devices. Although these devices allow you to self-administer the treatment, they come with reduced electrical power. The limited strength and frequency of the electrical pulses may not be enough to improve your knee pain.

During The Therapy

Most electrical stimulation units are battery-powered devices attached to electrodes via thin wires. The electrodes are adhesive pads that are temporarily placed on the skin and can be easily removed at the end of the session. 

During the therapy, mild pulses of electrical current are delivered to the area receiving treatment via the electrodes. With the supervision of a professional, the electrical current is adjusted to provide powerful – but not painful – stimulation. 

Note: While e-stim may cause tingling and “pin and needles” sensations, it should not be painful. Tell your doctor immediately if you are experiencing pain. 

Some electrical stimulation therapies – such as the ones used to address knee pain deriving from arthritis and joint conditions – are passive, meaning that you will relax during treatment. Oppositely, when e-stim is used to improve muscle mass, prevent muscle atrophy, or retrain your muscles to contract properly, you may need to engage in movements such as walking. 

Let’s look at the e-stim therapy process in more detail below.

Application Of Electrodes

After determining the area of pain and what’s causing it, your healthcare provider will start the therapy by placing the electrodes around the knee. Usually, two or four pads are placed in the area around the knee, on the front, back, and sides of the joint. 

The most common placement for the electrodes is illustrated below:

Your doctor will determine how many pads you need and where they should be placed. However, usually, the pads’ placement is determined by where you feel pain. A few rules include:

  • Two pads are used if the pain is localized to a smaller area
  • Four pads are applied if the pain radiates from the knee to the surrounding structures
  • The kneecap should be avoided, but the electrodes can be placed around it
  • Placing the pads at the front of the knee can help with joint problems such as arthritic pain
  • Placing the pads on the side of the knee can support muscle contraction and re-education after injury or immobilization. 
  • The pads can also be placed at the back of the knee if that’s where the source of pain is

If the therapy is administered within clinical settings, your healthcare provider will place the electrodes for you. If you decide to use an at-home TENS unit, you may follow the instructions of your doctor to correctly place the electrodes. 

You should not place the electrodes on:

  • Infected or irritated skin
  • Skin that has recently been treated with radiation
  • Open wounds
  • Near the nose, eyes, or mouth
  • Reproductive organs
  • Areas of the body with inhibited sensation or numbness

The pads should be applied to clean and dry skin. They should not touch each other or any metal object, such as a belt buckle.

Gradual Increase Of Electrical Current

Once the electrodes are correctly placed around the knee, the electrical stimulation device is turned on on the lower setting. The electrical pulses are fine-tuned based on the following parameters: 

  • Frequency: The rate at which pulses of electricity are delivered. Frequency is measured in hertz (Hz). 
  • Intensity: How intense the sensations caused by the electrical current are. 
  • Pulse Width: How long each pulse of electricity lasts. Pulse width is measured in microseconds (μs).

Low-intensity pulses will cause you to experience tingling and “pin and needles” sensations. These sensations are known as paresthesia and, while they may feel strong, they should be comfortable and not painful. 

The therapy provider will gradually increase the intensity and frequency of the electrical pulses to cause sensations that are closer to your pain threshold. If the treatment is administered to build or maintain muscle mass, you may also experience mild muscle twitches and contractions.

How Long Is The Therapy?

Each electrical stimulation therapy can last between 5 and 15 minutes, depending on which condition you are aiming to treat and what type of therapy is used. At-home TENS units can be used for 30-60 minutes up to four times a day. 

According to a 2003 study, the best results among people with osteoarthritic knee pain were achieved when electrical stimulation was used for 40 to 60 minutes, 5 days a week for 2 weeks. 

Additionally, a 2019 study shows that NMES, when administered for 20 minutes 3 times a day for 6 weeks, can help patients regain knee function after total knee replacement surgery. 

The effects of electrical stimulation can last between 5 minutes and 18 hours.

Post-Therapy Care

As a non-invasive therapy, electrical stimulation does not involve long periods of downtime or recovery. However, your doctor may recommend aftercare instructions that can improve the therapy’s results and prevent injuries. 

Some guidelines include:

  • Take care of the skin areas where the pads were applied, as they may be sensitive or irritated. 
  • Interrupt the treatment if your skin is not tolerating the electrodes well, or if you feel dizzy. 
  • After treatment, avoid strenuous activities. Instead, opt for light exercise and rest as needed. 
  • If you have been given a unit to use at home, clean the pads and safely store your unit.

Risks And Limitations Of Electrical Stimulation Therapy

When administered by a professional and following a health exam, electrical stimulation is considered to be safe.

Although minor, some risks you may run when choosing this therapy include:

  • Allergic reactions to the glue that makes the electrodes adhesive
  • Skin irritation and contact dermatitis
  • Momentary increase in painful sensations
  • Tingling and “pin and needles” sensations
  • Muscle fatigue and mild twitching (due to e-stim overuse)
  • Decreased blood pressure 

A study conducted in 2015 also shows that the chronic use of low-frequency electrical stimulation can contribute to the accumulation of waste materials in the muscle fibers, which can lead to muscle fatigue and damage.  

At-home TENS units are considered safe because of the low strength of the electrical pulses they deliver. Nonetheless, you should apply the electrodes with care to avoid sensitive areas such as the genitals and abdomen. Electric stimulation devices should not be used when bathing or showering.

When You Should Avoid Using E-Stim

As seen above, electrical stimulation can be a valid pain management option for a range of knee conditions. However, just like any other treatment, this type of therapy isn’t equally suitable or safe for everyone. 

In particular, e-stim is contraindicated for:

  • Pregnant women, especially during the first trimester
  • Patients wearing a medical implant or device, such as internal hearing aids or pacemakers)
  • Epileptic patients
  • Patients with deep vein thrombosis (the increased blood circulation may increase the risk of blood clots)
  • Patients with a history of cancer in the past five years
  • Patients with actively bleeding tissue or a history of bleeding disorders
  • Patients with heart disease

You should also avoid using electrical stimulation to address pain that has not been properly diagnosed.

Improve The Quality Of Your Life With The Right Treatment

Chronic or acute knee pain can inhibit activities that are part of a normal and fulfilling life, such as climbing stairs, enjoying walks outdoors, taking care of yourself, cooking, or moving around your home. But taking pain medications daily or undergoing a total knee arthroplasty are no longer the only options to manage your pain. 

Electrical stimulation can provide long-lasting relief from pain without drugs or surgery. With Neurofunctional Pain Management, you can access ad hoc e-stim and electroanalgesia programs designed around your needs.

Understanding High-Dose PRP Treatment For Sports Injuries

Anyone who has played sports their whole life has likely experienced an injury or two at some point, whether it’s a twisted ankle or a strained muscle. Some injuries may go away on their own after a few weeks of rest. Unfortunately, other types of injuries, such as a ligament or tendon strain, a muscle tear, or cartilage damage, can put you out of commission for a long period of time. In fact, sports-related injuries like these can take a long time to heal if untreated and can be very painful. High-dose PRP (platelet-rich plasma) treatment is effective for these and other sports injuries.

Why You Shouldn’t Ignore Sports Injuries

Sports-related injuries can lead to serious long-term damage if left untreated. Not only can sports injuries cause pain and reduce your range of motion, but they can also lead to chronic inflammation, which can further damage tissue. Therefore, it is essential to seek help as soon as possible to properly treat and heal the injury to prevent long-term problems from developing.

How Past Injuries Can Affect Your Present-Day Life

Even if you experienced an injury years ago, it may cause ongoing trauma in different parts of the body. For example, a ligament tear may cause instability in the knee joint, leading to chronic pain and discomfort later in life. In addition, the injury may cause muscle weakness and can result in the inability to perform certain activities, such as running or jumping. This means that if you’re experiencing chronic pain today, it could be the result of a sports-related injury you had years ago.

Why Consider High-Dose Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injection As A Treatment

Recent developments in the field of high-dose PRP injection have made it an increasingly popular option for treating sports injuries and other musculoskeletal conditions. Research has found that this treatment can effectively promote tissue repair, reduce inflammation, and increase range of motion. 
Additionally, the treatments are safe and effective with minimal side effects. One particular study found that 83.3 percent of subjects undergoing PRP treatments for sports-related injuries were able to return to normal daily physical activity and to playing sports. Additionally, another study concluded that PRP treatments were optimal for sports-related injuries that were not responding to conservative management.

Benefits Of High Dose PRP Treatment

High-dose PRP treatments have been shown to provide significant pain relief and improved mobility in patients with sports-related injuries. These treatments also promote tissue healing and regeneration, reducing the risk of further damage. Additionally, the following benefits can be expected from high-dose PRP treatments:

  • Safe: High-dose PRP treatments are safe and rarely cause adverse effects. This is because the substance being injected is derived from the patient’s own blood, so it won’t cause an adverse reaction.
  • Minimally Invasive: The PRP procedure is minimally invasive and does not require surgery or long-term recovery. The treatment can be completed in one visit, and side effects are rare. If they do occur, they are minor.
  • Fast Recovery Time: Because of how minimally invasive the procedure is, recovery times tend to be fast, and patients can often resume regular activities soon after treatment.
  • Treats Pain At The Source: High-dose PRP treatments target the source of the pain, rather than just masking it. They do this by promoting tissue healing and regeneration

How High-Dose PRP Works For Sports Injuries

High-dose PRP treatments involve injecting concentrated amounts of platelets into the injured area. Platelets are tiny cells found in the blood that contain a variety of growth factors and proteins that can trigger the body’s natural healing process. These growth factors help reduce inflammation, promote tissue regeneration and repair, and stimulate new blood vessel growth, which helps to deliver essential nutrients to the injured area. 

High doses of PRP are ideal for treating sports injuries, as they can help to reduce pain and inflammation more quickly than lower doses. Additionally, high doses can help promote healthy tissue growth and reduce the risk of further damage. As a result, patients who receive high-dose PRP treatments often experience faster recovery times and improved mobility.

Sports Injuries That Respond To PRP Treatment

PRP treatment is effective for a wide range of injuries, but they are especially beneficial for those that involve soft tissue damage, which is a common result of sports-related injuries. Examples of common sports injuries that respond well to PRP treatment include:

Meniscal Tears

Meniscal tears are considered one of the most common knee injuries and can be caused by sudden twists or turns. These tears create sharp or stabbing pain in the knee joint, swelling, and stiffness. A meniscus tear can limit mobility and may even lead to arthritis in the long run if not treated properly. However, high-dose PRP treatments can help to reduce pain and inflammation and promote tissue healing in the area of the tear.

ACL Injuries

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are fairly common among athletes who play sports that involve quick changes of direction and jumping. ACL injuries can cause pain, swelling, and instability in the knee joint. Long-term complications can include arthritis and further damage to the joint. PRP injections have been found to reduce pain and inflammation caused by ACL injuries, as well as strengthen ligaments and improve stability.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a common condition affecting the elbow and forearm tendons. As the name indicates, it is most often seen in tennis players, but can also affect athletes of other sports, such as golf. Tennis elbow can cause pain and tenderness on the outside of the arm, as well as a decreased grip strength. PRP treatments for tennis elbow have been found to reduce pain and inflammation and improve grip strength.

Jumper’s Knee

Jumper’s knee, or patellar tendonitis, is a condition that affects the tendons around the kneecap. More specifically, it is caused by irritation, inflammation, and small tears in the patellar tendon. It can cause pain, swelling, and decreased range of motion in the knee joint. If you play sports involving jumping, such as basketball or volleyball, then you’re more likely to suffer from this condition. It can cause pain and tenderness on the front of the knee, as well as swelling and decreased flexibility and mobility. PRP treatments can help reduce pain and inflammation caused by jumper’s knee and promote tissue healing.

Rotator Cuff Injuries

Rotator cuff injuries are common among athletes in contact sports, such as football and wrestling. These injuries cause pain, tenderness, and stiffness in the shoulder joint and can significantly limit mobility. In severe cases, rotator cuff injuries can even lead to full rotator cuff muscle tears, which may require surgery. PRP injections are effective in reducing pain, swelling, and inflammation. They also promote tissue healing which reduces the risk of aggravating the injury.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis affects the ligaments that connect the heel bone to the toes. It causes pain and tenderness in the bottom of the foot, as well as decreased mobility. Any sport involving running or jumping can cause plantar fasciitis, as it puts tremendous stress on the feet. PRP injections have been found to reduce pain and inflammation in patients with plantar fasciitis, as well as promote tissue healing in the area. This can help to relieve pressure on the foot and improve mobility.

How Do You Know If PRP Treatment Is For You? 

PRP treatments are not just for elite athletes; they can benefit anyone who has experienced a sports injury. For example, you may have experienced a sports-related injury years ago when playing for your high school football team or while casually playing golf with your coworkers over the past weekend. Whether you’re experiencing lingering pain due to a past injury or have recently injured yourself during a recreational activity, PRP injections can help reduce pain and inflammation and promote tissue healing. 

It’s essential to remember that PRP treatments are not a guarantee of complete recovery from an injury. However, they can be beneficial for reducing pain and inflammation, as well as promoting tissue regeneration and repair. Ultimately, PRP treatments can help you get back to doing the activities you love with minimal discomfort and improved mobility without having to resort to a dependence on pain medications or an invasive (and expensive) surgical procedure.

Trust Orthagenex With Treating Your Sports Injury

At Orthagenex, we believe that high-dose PRP treatments can make a significant difference in treating and relieving pain caused by sports injuries. Our specialists have extensive experience in providing these treatments, and they use the most advanced technology to ensure the best possible results. 

If you suffered from a musculoskeletal injury caused while playing sports, contact Orthagenex today to learn more about our PRP treatment options and see how we can help you achieve long-term pain relief so you can get back to playing the sports you love as soon as possible.

Tens Unit For Feet: Is It Strong Enough For A Long-Term Relief?

Dealing with any kind of foot pain can be an incredibly frustrating experience. If you have an issue with your foot that’s causing pain, it can be easy to aggravate it every time you put pressure on it. As a result, foot pain can be highly debilitating since something as simple as standing or walking can cause pain. 

Fortunately, there are many treatment solutions when it comes to pain relief. One of those options is TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) therapy, which is commonly used to reduce the intensity of pain symptoms. Although TENS therapy can be effective for providing temporary pain relief, the real question is, can it provide long-term relief as well?

Common Causes Of Foot Pain

Before diving further into TENS therapy and whether it can help relieve foot pain, it helps to better understand what causes foot pain. For treatment of any kind to be effective over the long term, you need to be able to treat the underlying cause of the pain. With that in mind, the following are the most common causes of foot pain:

  • Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the tissues that connect the heel to the toes. It can be caused by an injury or overexertion of the foot and can cause intense pain when walking or standing.
  • Bunions: Bunions are when the big toe starts to lean towards the other toes, causing a bump on the side of the foot, leading to pain and discomfort. This is often caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes and can lead to pain in the toe area.
  • Hammer Toes: Hammer toes are when the joints at the end of a toe become bent, causing intense pain with every step. Like bunions, hammer toes can result from wearing footwear that’s too tight for your feet.
  • Morton’s Neuroma: Morton’s neuroma is a condition where the tissues around a nerve in your foot thicken, leading to pain and tingling sensations. It can be caused by wearing narrow or pointed shoes that put too much pressure on the front of your foot.
  • Stress Fractures: Stress fractures can occur when the bones in your feet are weakened due to repetitive stress or trauma. Stress fractures are commonly caused by running or jumping on hard surfaces while wearing improperly cushioned shoes.
  • Achilles Tendinitis: Achilles tendinitis occurs when the Achilles tendon becomes inflamed, which can be caused by running on hard surfaces while wearing shoes that don’t provide enough support. It can also be caused by doing too much physical activity without properly stretching beforehand.
  • Gout: Gout occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints, which can cause pain, swelling, and redness. An unhealthy diet or lifestyle often causes gout, leading to intense foot pain.
  • Ingrown Toenails: Ingrown toenails are often caused by cutting your nails too short, wearing shoes that are too tight for your feet, or attempting to push a nail out from the side. This can cause intense pain and infection in the affected area.

Foot Pain And TENS Therapy

There are a lot of different conditions that can cause foot pain. TENS is a popular form of treatment because it’s non-invasive and drug-free. With that in mind, the following are a few things you should know about TENS therapy to better understand how it works:

How Does  A TENS Unit Work to Relieve Foot Pain?

TENS therapy works by sending tiny electrical pulses through the skin that stimulate nerve fibers, which can help to reduce pain signals from reaching the brain and stimulate the release of endorphins, which function like natural painkillers. This is done using a TENS unit, which delivers electrical stimulation via electrodes attached to the skin. The electrical pulses can also provide a soothing massage-like sensation to the foot, which can help relax the muscles and reduce tension, thereby reducing stiffness and pain.

Benefits Of TENS Unit For Feet

The following are a few of the reasons why TENS therapy is so effective at providing temporary relief from foot pain:

  • Flexibility: With a TENS unit, you can control the intensity and duration of the treatment. This allows you to adjust it according to your level of pain or discomfort.
  • Increase Circulation And Reduce Inflammation: Many conditions that cause foot pain, like gout, are at least partially a cause of inflammation. TENS can help to increase blood circulation and reduce inflammation, which can help alleviate foot pain.
  • Improve Range Of Motion: By massaging the muscles and tendons in your feet, a TENS unit can help reduce pain and stiffness associated with conditions like plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendinitis, which can improve your range of motion.

Is TENS Strong Enough To Relieve The Foot Pain?

TENS therapy can be pretty effective when it comes to temporary pain relief. As such, it’s suitable for acute conditions that cause foot pain. However, TENS therapy simply isn’t strong enough to provide long-term relief from more chronic foot conditions. This is because TENS therapy uses low-voltage electrical stimulation to provide relief, and it can’t penetrate deep enough into the tissues to address the underlying cause of the pain.

A regular TENS unit can only deliver electrical currents up to 400 pulses per second, and the at-home TENS units available on the market can only deliver upwards of 250 pulses per second. So if you’re suffering from severe pain or a chronic foot condition, getting TENS therapy is more akin to getting a nice foot massage. It may feel good for a moment but won’t last.

How Neuragenex Approaches Foot Pain

At Neuragenex, we firmly believe that electrical stimulation can be highly effective at helping patients manage their foot pain. It’s why electrical stimulation is a critical component of our Neuragenex protocol, which implements a Neurofunctional Pain Management approach to treating chronic pain. This means that instead of just addressing the symptoms, we focus on the underlying cause. 

We also emphasize a whole-person approach to treatment to help you manage your condition over the long term; all without relying on potentially addictive pain medications, risky chiropractic treatments, or invasive and expensive surgical procedures. Keeping this in mind, the following are the treatment solutions we provide when treating chronic foot pain:


At Neuragenex, we use electroanalgesia to target the deeper tissue of your foot and reduce pain while improving circulation and reducing inflammation. Like TENS therapy, electroanalgesia is a form of electrical stimulation therapy to help block pain signals and stimulate the release of endorphins. 

However, unlike TENS therapy, electroanalgesia delivers high-pulse currents that provide deep penetration and targeted relief. It’s much more effective than TENS therapy because electroanalgesia machines can deliver electrical currents at up to 10,000 pulses per second. Unlike TENS, electroanalgesia therapy can’t be used at home and is only administered by trained professionals.

IV Therapy

As part of our whole-person approach, we combine electroanalgesia with IV therapy. This specialized nutrient-replenishing treatment helps reduce inflammation and nerve damage. IV therapy delivers powerful, highly concentrated solutions filled with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants directly into the bloodstream. This helps to reduce foot pain caused by inflammation or nerve damage and helps to speed up the healing process.

Lifestyle Counseling

Finally, we provide lifestyle counseling to help you make the necessary adjustments to ensure long-term foot pain relief. This includes providing advice on nutrition, exercise, and stress reduction techniques as well as providing guidance on how to care for your feet properly. By helping you make the necessary lifestyle adjustments, we can help to reduce and manage your foot pain over the long term.

Take A Step Towards A Pain-Free Life With Neuragenex

At Neuragenex, we specialize in providing effective, long-term relief from chronic foot pain. By combining electrical stimulation, IV therapy, and lifestyle counseling, we can help you appropriately manage your condition without relying on potentially addictive pain medications or invasive surgical procedures. So, if you’re suffering from foot pain and looking for long-term relief, contact Neuragenex today to take the first step to a life free of chronic foot pain.

Migraine Vs Headache: Understanding The Differences

Headaches are incredibly common. Almost everybody in the world has a headache occasionally, and they can range from mild to severe. Many people get these headaches often or even daily. However, there are many types of headaches, as well as certain conditions that cause headaches, such as migraines. Migraines are not the same thing as a regular headache. They tend to be much more severe. Yet they affect an estimated 37 million people in the U.S. Unfortunately, fewer than five percent of those people have been accurately diagnosed as having migraines.

This is because many people who suffer from migraines mistake them for regular headaches. If you’re suffering from migraines, you must be properly diagnosed. Knowing the difference between migraines and frequent headaches is necessary to treat them properly and get the relief you need.

Defining Headache Vs Migraine

Migraines are very different from regular headaches. However, many people mistakenly think a migraine is a bad headache. That’s not the case at all. While both headaches and migraines can cause pain, there are some substantial differences between the two.

What Is A Headache?

A headache is a pain or sensation in the head, usually on one side. Headaches are often caused by stress, fatigue, dehydration, or muscular tension. While headaches can be bothersome and even debilitating, they generally don’t cause other symptoms. There are many different kinds of headaches that are caused by different things and that cause a unique kind of pain. These include:

  • Tension Headache: Tension headaches are the most common type. They are caused by muscle tension in the neck and head and often feel like a tight band around your forehead or temples. They can be mild to severe and usually last a few hours.
  • Sinus Headache: Sinus headaches result from inflammation and pressure in the sinuses. Sinus headaches are often accompanied by a runny nose, nasal congestion, and/or sore throat. They can cause pressure and pain in the face and the head. Seasonal allergies, the common cold, and a deviated septum can all contribute to sinus headaches.
  • Cluster Headache: Cluster headaches are characterized by intense, sharp pain occurring on one side of the head. The pain can last anywhere from 15 minutes to three hours and often occur in clusters, meaning several of them happen in a row or over a short period. Cluster headaches are a chronic condition and can be highly debilitating.

What Is A Migraine?

A migraine is far more severe than a common tension headache. It can be debilitating, causing intense pain on one side of the head, forehead, or temple. The underlying cause of migraines isn’t known, but genetics, environmental factors, and hormones all likely play a role. Migraines are usually accompanied by other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound, and vision changes. Migraines can last a few hours to several days and tend to come in cycles or clusters.

How Migraine Differs From A Headache

A headache is essentially just that — an ache in your head. A migraine isn’t a headache; it’s a condition. Furthermore, a headache is just one of the symptoms of a migraine. In fact, the headache is typically the last symptom to show up in a migraine. This is why it’s important to note that migraines are not just bad headaches but rather a complex neurological condition. A migraine can cause a wide variety of additional symptoms that, combined, can be incredibly debilitating. These symptoms include the following:


Dizziness is a common symptom of migraine. This can range from feeling lightheaded to having a spinning sensation, resulting in difficulty standing or walking.

Extra sensitivity to light, sound, and/or smells

Sensitivity to light, sound, and smells are often among the first signs that a person is having a migraine. People with migraines frequently experience sensitivity to bright or flashing lights, loud noises, and strong odors like perfumes or certain foods. This sensitivity can last for the duration of the migraine.

Extreme Fatigue

Migraines can cause extreme fatigue and make it difficult to do even simple tasks. People with migraines often feel exhausted and need to rest, even after the migraine has passed.


Nausea can occur with a migraine and can last throughout its duration. In addition, nausea can sometimes happen due to the other symptoms accompanying the migraine. For example, the severity of the headache combined with dizziness and sensitivity to light can cause nausea.


If the person with the migraine is experiencing severe enough nausea, vomiting can occur. As with nausea, this may be due to other migraine symptoms.

Are Headaches Always Migraines?

No, headaches are not always migraines. A headache is a symptom of a migraine; however, certain types of headaches, such as sinus headaches and cluster headaches, are not symptomatic of a migraine. Additionally, migraines are not the only condition that can cause headaches. Other conditions, such as infections, colds, and fevers, can also result in headache symptoms.

Other Migraine And Headache Distinctions

Besides the symptoms that distinguish migraines from regular headaches, there are a few other distinctions. The following are a few additional ways that you can tell a migraine apart from a headache:


As mentioned, there are several types of headaches (such as tension and sinus headaches). Likewise, there are also several types of migraines. The following are some examples of the different types of migraines:

  • Migraine with aura: This is the most common type of migraine. It typically includes visual disturbances like seeing flashes of light or wavy lines.
  • Migraine without aura: This type of migraine does not include the visual disturbances associated with migraine with aura.
  • Retinal migraine: Retinal migraines cause vision disturbances in one eye, such as blind spots or temporary blindness.
  • Hemiplegic migraine: This type causes temporary paralysis or numbness on one side of the body.

Location Of Pain

Migraines often cause pounding, pulsing pain on one side of the head. This pain is typically located in the temples, forehead, or behind the eyes. Other headaches, such as tension headaches, can cause more generalized pain across the entire head. However, the specific location of the pain (and type of pain) usually depends on the type of headache or migraine that you have.

Intensity And Duration Of Pain

The intensity and duration of the pain are two of the best ways to tell a migraine apart from a regular headache. Migraine headaches tend to be more intense and longer-lasting than other types of headaches. 

Migraine pain can range from moderate to severe, and can last for several hours or even days. In contrast, regular headaches typically last for a shorter period of time and are usually less intense. If the headache you’re experiencing is severe to the point of debilitating and lasts for a long time, there’s a chance that it’s a migraine.


Migraine and headache diagnosis can be difficult, as there are many possible causes of headaches. Additionally, migraines can easily be misdiagnosed as other types of headaches. To properly diagnose a migraine or headache, a doctor will typically ask about the type and length of the pain and any associated symptoms. They may recommend an MRI or CT scan to check for other causes of the pain as well.

Common Treatment Options

There are various ways that you can treat headaches and migraines. However, although pain management is possible, curing migraines is not since the underlying cause of migraines is not known. That being said, the following are some of the standard treatment options that are available for both headaches and migraines:

Over-the-Counter And Prescription Medications

Normal tension headaches are often treated using over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen. However, many doctors will prescribe stronger medications for patients diagnosed with migraine headaches. These can include triptans, ergotamines, and anti-nausea medications. At Neuragenex, we do not recommend pain medications to treat headaches or migraines, as they may lead to side effects depending on the medication.

Lifestyle Changes

Making specific lifestyle changes can also help to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines and headaches. These changes can include getting adequate sleep, reducing stress, and avoiding migraine triggers like certain foods or environmental factors. Additionally, regular exercise can help to reduce muscle tension that may contribute to headaches.

At Neuragenex, we provide lifestyle counseling as a critical component of our whole-person approach to pain management. As such, we can provide guidance on how to make healthy lifestyle choices that may reduce the frequency of headaches and migraines.

TENS Therapy

TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) therapy is a non-invasive treatment solution that involves using low-voltage electrical currents to stimulate the nerves in the head and neck, thus providing pain relief. It achieves this by blocking pain signals from reaching the brain and by increasing endorphins, which are natural painkillers. Not to mention, the massaging effect of the TENS device can help to relax tense muscles in the head, neck, and shoulders.

TENS therapy can provide temporary pain relief for both headaches and migraines and is a safe treatment option with few side effects. However, it’s important to note that like pain medications, TENS is more effective at providing short-term pain relief and may not provide long-term relief.

How We Approach Migraines And Headaches

Our Neuragenex protocol involves a Neurofunctional Pain Management approach, which means that we will take a drug-free, non-chiropractic, non-invasive approach to treating chronic headaches and migraines. Our protocol involves the following:

  • Electroanalgesia: Although TENS therapy can provide short-term pain relief for some patients, it’s not always effective, especially when providing long-term results. This is because TENS therapy uses low-pulse electrical currents. At Neuragenex, we use electroanalgesia therapy, which is an FDA-cleared electrical stimulation therapy that uses high-pulse currents that are more powerful and can penetrate deeper into the tissue to provide longer-lasting pain relief.
  • IV therapy: IV therapy involves infusing the body with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that may help reduce inflammation and boost overall health. Additionally, IV therapy can help hydrate the body, which is essential for headaches and migraines since they can be triggered by dehydration.
  • Lifestyle counseling: As previously mentioned, we also offer lifestyle counseling as part of our whole-person approach. We believe that long-term pain relief requires more than just addressing the symptoms at hand, which is why we strive to treat the whole person, not just the symptoms. Through lifestyle counseling, our medical team can provide guidance on how to make lifestyle changes that may help reduce the frequency and intensity of headaches and migraines.

The Right Diagnosis Leads To The Right Head Pain Relief

If you’re suffering from severe headaches regularly, you should get your condition properly diagnosed. If you’re suffering from migraines, the right treatment is critical to ensure effective pain relief and prevent further episodes. At Neuragenex, we take a comprehensive approach to treating chronic migraine pain and headaches, focusing on lifestyle changes and non-invasive treatments and therapies that may help manage your pain. With the right diagnosis and treatment plan, you can find long-term relief from headaches and migraines.